What is a gTLD?

Despite the sheer volume of information, the internet is a pretty easy place to get around. This is helped by the use of the domain name system, allowing a webpage to be represented by an easy to remember title, name or word.

All domain names are registered and categorised into groups that are generally defined by their extensions, commonly known as generic Top Level Domains (gTLD). gTLD categories such as .com, .net, and .org, domains are often used to represent a commercial enterprise, network, or organisation.

This does not always have to be the case. Any registrant may apply for a gTLD domain even if they have no close or substantial connection to the person, business or organisation that it is intended to represent. gTLD’s may be transferred between owners. However, domains are only held for a given period of time before they must be renewed or released.

There are many other gTLD types such as .biz, .name or .pro, although these are restricted. Such registrations require proof of eligibility according to established guidelines. Further restrictions apply to domains sponsored by government agencies or organisations; such as educational (.edu), government (.gov), military (.mil), and international (.int) institutes.

Owning a gTLD is simply a matter of registering any available domain name, which may then be connected to any email or web hosting server with a few simple steps.

Domain registration and renewal pricing may also differ depending on the TLD type.